Salat al Eid

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Ayatollah Ali Khamenei recites the qunut during Eid al-Fitr-prayers in Tehran

Salat al Eid (Arabic: صلاة العيد‎) is the prayer that is performed of the two Eids: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha. At the present time, while the twelfth Shia Imam is in occultation, Salat al-Eid is highly recommended. However, it will become obligatory after the reappearance of Imam al-Mahdi. The prayer can be performed either individually or in a congregation. [1]



The Eid prayers must be performed in the morning, at some point between sunrise and the Dhuhr, afternoon, prayers. The prayer consists of two Raka'at (segments) and during the first rak'ah, one should recite Surah al-Fateha, the first chapter of the Holy Qur'an. Thereafter, one can recite another Surah of their choice. However, it is highly recommended to recite Surah ash-Shams (Chapter 91) in the first rak'ah and Surah al-Ghashiya (Chapter 8) in the second Rak'ah (following Surah al-Fateha). Alternatively, it is also recommended to recite Surah al-A'ala (Chapter 87) in the first Rak'ah and Surah Shams (Chapter 91) in the second Rak'ah (following Surah al-Fateha).

After reciting the Quranic chapters, there are five takbirs that need to be said in the first Raka'ah and four in the second Raka'ah - and along with each of these, one should recite a qunut (raising hands in prayer). Takbir is to say "Allahu Akbar". After the fifth qunut of the first Raka'ah, the person performing the prayer should recite a takbir and then perform the ruku (bowing) and continue with the sajdah (prostration) twice. In the second Rak’ah, actions of the first rak'ah are repeated with four takbirs. At the end of the prayer, upon the completion of the second sajdah, one should recite the tashahhud and complete the prayer with the salaam.

During the occultation of the 12th Imam, as an obligatory precaution, Eid prayers made in congregation should be followed with two sermons by the Imam (leader) of the congregation. [2]

Qunut Recitation

Although any recitation or Du'a is sufficient for the qunut of the Eid prayers, it is recommended to recite the following Du'a[3]:


اَللّهُمَّ اَهلَ الْکِبْرِيَاءِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ، وَاَهْلَ الْجُوْدِ وَالْجَبَرُوتِ، وَاَهْلَ الْعَفْوِ وَالرَّحْمَةِ وَاَهْلَ التَّقْوٰی وَالْمَغْفِرَةِ، اَسْاَلُكَ بِحَقِّ هٰذَا الْيَوْمِ الَّذِی جَعَلْتَه لِلْمُسْلِمِيْنَ عِيْدًا وَلِمُحَمَّدٍ صَلَّی اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ ذُخْراً وَ كَرَامَةً وَ شَرَفًا وَمَزِيْداً اَنْ تُصَلِّیَ عَلٰی مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ وَاَنْ تُدْخِلَنِی فِی کُلِّ خَيْرٍ اَدْخَلْتَ فِيْهِ مُحَمَّداً وَآلَ مُحَمَّدٍ، وَاَنْ تُخْرِجَنِی مِنْ کُلِّ سُوْٓءٍ اَخْرَجْتَ مِنْهُ مُحَمَّدًا وَآلَ مُحَمَّدٍ صَلَواتُكَ عَلَيْهِ وَعَلَيْهِمْ اَجْمَعِيْنَ. اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّی اَسْاَ لُكَ خَيْرَمَا سَاَلَكَ بِهِ عِبادُكَ الصَّالِـحُونَ، وَاَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِمَّا اسْتَعاذَ مِنْهُ عِبادُكَ الْمُخْلِصُوْنَ

O Allah, (belongs to You only) pride, glory, excellence, omnipotence. (You) grant amnesty and show kindness, (You are) Holy and Oft-forgiving, (so), I ask You in the name of this day which You have ordained as a day of happiness for the Muslims. An occasion for Muhammad (blessings of Allah be on him and his progeny) to plan ahead and grow strong to send blessings on Muhammad and on the progeny of Muhammad. And introduce me to every good that had been made available to Muhammad and Aale Muhammad. Educate me to keep from every evil as You kept safe Muhammad and Aale Muhammad from it. Your blessings be on him and on them. O Allah, I ask you to give me the good which Your pious servants had asked for. And I take refuge with You from that which caused Your pious servants to seek refuge with you.


  1. Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha prayers The Official Website of Grand Ayatollah Sistani
  2. Ibid
  3. Idd uz Zuha
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