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Mubahala (Arabic: مباهلة) in Arabic means mutual prayer, but in the Islamic tradition it generally implies the notion of imprecation between two disputing parties. When arguments from both sides fail to resolve, the parties may jointly pray to Allah (swt) to cast His curse on the party that is false. Cursing (la'an; لعن) in Islam is considered a prayer, where one wishes for another person to be deprived of Allah's Mercy and therefore a mubahala is the invoking of Allah's severe wrath on the false party by depriving them or moving them further away from His Mercy.

During the life of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the famous incident of mubahala that took place against the Christians of Najran is to date marked as a celebratory event by the Shi'ites on the 24th of Dhu al-Hijjah.

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