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Ghusl (Arabic: غسل) refers to the full ablution that an individual performs either due to an obligation or with the intention of carrying out a recommended act. A ghusl can be performed in two ways, known as tartibi and itrimasi.


Performing the Ghusl


Ghusl tartibi is an ordinal bath, done in a sequential manner. In this method, a person should first make the intention for the bath. Thereafter he or she should first wash their head including the neck and then the remaining parts of the body. It is best to wash the remaining part of the body in two steps; first the right part of the body and then the left part.


Ghusl irtimasi is a bath which involves the immersion of one's whole body in water. This form of ghusl is more likely possible in a body of water such as a pool, river, lake or sea.

Types of Ghusl

Obligatory Ghusl

There are seven obligatory ablutions[1]:

  1. Ghusl for Janabat
  2. Ghusl for Haydh (for women only)
  3. Ghusl for Nifas (for women only)
  4. Ghusl for Istihaza (for women only)
  5. Ghusl for touching a dead body
  6. Ghusl for a dead body
  7. Ghusl which becomes obligatory on account of a vow or an oath to perform it.

Recommended Ghusl

There are several full baths that are recommended (mustahab) in Islam. Some of them are as follow[2]:


  1. Ghusl: Obligatory Baths Islamic Laws, by Ayatullah Syed Ali Sistani
  2. Mustahab Ghusls Ibid
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